Spotlight on MacOS can be heavy on the CPU usage. If you want to switch it off you then you will have to run a command in the terminal. Spotlight does provide some very nice functioniality, I don’t use spotlight itself. I use Alfred 3 which uses the same index data. If you disable Spotlight search then Alfred 3 will also stop working.

Command to disable Spotlight

sudo mdutil -E -i off

Command to enable Spotlight

sudo mdutil -E -i on

Improve Spotlight CPU

You can go through the app settings to improve fix and improve the CPU usage of Spotlight. untick any folders or file types which you never need to search for. Limit the search scope as much as you can for the best performance.